RESA is:

  • The Rebreather Education & Safety Association
  • A not for profit organization consisting of rebreather manufacturers and other similar entities.

RESA was developed in order to aid in improving the safety and education in the rebreather industry.  And to ensure that the appropriate framework is in place that suits our growing industry.  Our operating objectives are:

  1. Promote standards based development and manufacture of rebreather equipment, the quality of which is measured by third party audited Quality Management Systems.
  2. Promote a high level of safety awareness and training.

We have all worked hard to form this corporation, taking over a year for incorporation to be complete and are very excited to be working together for the first time, to promote the education and safety of rebreather divers.



There are three levels of membership for RESA: Regular members, Associate members and Supporting members.

The Regular members are entitled to a seat on the board and only members with voting privileges.  They are usually manufacturers, but can also be an entity that produces significant subsystems such as controllers.

The Regular member requirements are minimum board approval of 80%, must be in the business for a required period of time, must have a third party audited quality management system in place, must have units available for sale, and also 3 of the 5 following points must also be met.

  • WOB testing
  • Scrubber duration
  • Mechanical testing (EN14143:2003 Section 6.5 or equivalent)
  • EN61000 or other EMI testing (if electronics are fitted)
  • 50 units sold

At this time, there is a variety of North American and European Regular Members; they include:

KISS Rebreathers rEvo Rebreathers apdiving-logo-2014
  Innerspace Systems Poseidon Diving Systems Shearwater Research

Associate members are manufacturers or other entities that have been in business for 1 year, but at the time of application do not meet one or more of the qualifications.  A minimum board approval of 80% is required.

Supporting members are entities who are determined to be beneficial to the rebreather industry.  A minimum board approval of 80% is required.

The Training Agency Supporting Members of RESA include:


Our Supporting Members are:


Executive Committee

President:  Kim Mikusch, KISS Rebreather LLC
Vice President: Paul Raymaekers, rEvo  Rebreathers
Secretary:  Bruce Partridge, Shearwater Research
Treasurer:  Jerry Whatley, Innerspace Systems



Bylaws & Operating Parameters: RESA’s initial task was to complete the bylaws and operating parameters of the organization.  Much time and effort was put forth by all Regular Members to complete this task, which was approved by unanimous vote.

Budget: The budget was determined by the operating expenses for the next several years.  Funds to pay costs will be received from both initiation fee’s and annual dues.

Training Discussions:  Discussions are underway with supporting members regarding training and education.

Forum:  When we started training discussions with the supporting members, prior to last DEMA, we learned quickly that email discussions and real life meetings were a challenge.  We needed to come up with an alternative method of discussion that allowed everyone to have the time to contribute their thoughts and opinions, and also allow us to stay on track with the subjects of discussion.

Earlier this year the RESA forum was formed.  This is a private member and invitation only forum that allows RESA members to discussion the topics at hand.

RESA standard for rebreather instructors that are already certified to teach Mod2 or Mod3 on one rebreather, and want to teach Mod2 or Mod3 on another rebreather:

RESA was developed in order to aid in improving the education and safety in the rebreather industry and to ensure that the appropriate framework is in place that suits our growing industry.  We have been actively discussing rebreather training at the Normoxic (MOD 2) and Hypoxic (MOD 3) Trimix levels. Some instructors have been teaching advanced level courses to divers on units where the instructor only has minimal training.  These instructors have only been required to pass a user course on the second and subsequent units.  There have been no further industry-wide standards such as a minimum number of dives to have this privilege.  Also, there has been no evaluation to prove that they understand the units properly.  Below is the standard that RESA members voted on.  This standard was approved with a unanimous vote from both RESA Manufacturers and RESA Training Agencies.  This standard is for Normoxic (MOD 2) and Hypoxic (MOD 3) Trimix   training on additional   rebreather’s only.  For entry level training (MOD1) the instructor is required to be trained as a unit specific instructor by an IT for the specific rebreather.


Future Plans

Minimum Training Standards:  Each RESA Rebreather manufacturer will be required to publish their minimum training standards.  At this time we are determining what the parameters for this outline will be and what items must be included in it.

Working Relationships with Training Agencies: The RESA Regular members & Supporting members are in close discussions with regards to determining proper procedures to ensure a successful, & manageable working relationship that provides excellent dissemination of information and policy, that is acceptable to all parties

While we currently have several topics under discussion, one of the first requests we had of the training agencies was to provide us with a copy of their quality assurance programs.

Value of Check Lists:  Check lists while certainly talked about frequently are under utilized by rebreather divers.  Most rebreather divers agree on their importance, and even go as far as discussing the check sheets all pilots are required to use.  But how do we get divers to use them?  Discussions will include ideas and action items which would encourage divers to use their check sheets.

Further, it has come to our attention that checklists are rarely, if ever, found in accident victim’s personal possessions.  You would not think of taking off on a flight with a pilot that did not use a checklist, but divers do it everyday, with predictable results.

Procedures for engagement for incident investigations: Investigative teams would like us to provide them with a list of procedures to follow in the event of an accident.  This discussion will determine many things, such as the particulars of the documentation required, will there be a separate procedure for each rebreather model or a general one, and key contact information and names for each manufacturer.

Discussion of the disposition of log files:  when there is an incident, the log files of the diver are not available to the manufacturer.  In some cases, they never are.  In other cases, they become available years after the incident happened.

Also, some manufacturers are being asked to comment on log files, without being allowed full access to them.

This means that the information they are able to provide is limited.  More importantly it means that if there is a fault in the manufacturers system, they won’t know.

The investigators should share this information very early in the investigation as they have a responsibility to prevent further accidents.